What is Web Hosting? A Beginners Guide

Approx. read time : 5 min

Watch this video to understand What is Web Hosting?

Web Hosting Definition

Web hosting is offered by a provider that assigns space on the webserver for a website for storing its files. With the help of web hosting, files including a website (images, code, etc.) get accessible online. So, every website that you visit or have visited in the past is hosted on a server.

The space assigned on a server to a website is based on the type of web hosting service. The key web hosting types are shared, VPS, dedicated, reseller, WordPress, and cloud hosting. They are categorized based on the technology used for the server, management level offered and the extra services offered.

A physical computer that runs without any interruption so that your website is always accessible for anyone who browses it is called a server. It is the responsibility of your web host to keep that server up and running, secure it from online threats and transfer your content such as images, text, files, etc. from the server to the browser of a visitor.

So, whenever someone types your domain name into the address bar of the browser, all the files essential for serving that request are transferred by your host. Therefore, you need to select a hosting plan that matches your needs.

Working of Web Hosting

The process of web hosting involves uploading website files from a local computer on to a web server. The resources of the server (hard drive space, RAM, and bandwidth) are assigned to the websites that use it.

The server resources are divided based on the type of hosting plan selected. For selecting the perfect hosting plan, you should understand the types of hosting plans available. That’s not complicated. If you are a non-technical reader, image selection of web hosting is similar to finding an office space:

How do you decide which type of office space is best for your needs? Would you be comfortable with an open co-working space including a workstation or an office within a business center? Are you planning to expand quickly or expect high traffic on your website? Do you want to rent the complete building or want to build your own space appeal?

Apart from this, you also need to consider other things. Is it easy to access the rooms, which functions are offered (high-speed internet, whiteboard, and other facilities), where they are based, and what is the complete cost? This will help you to meet your demands and decide the type of office.

Below is the comparison of the type of web hosting with office example:

Types of Web Hosting

Shared Hosting

Shared hosting is similar to renting a workstation in a noisy, busy, open-plan office or working space. You get all the modern amenities such as an internet connection, a desk, and stationery, and you also share the space with other co-workers including the printer, kitchen, and restroom. It is not possible to make any changes to the space such as whiteboard installation, etc. If you want to launch new or small websites this option is the best.

VPS Hosting

A virtual private server (VPS) is an upgraded form of shared hosting. If you are a medium-sized business, renting an office within a business park is beneficial. In VPS hosting, users are isolated from each other and can enjoy an independent hosting environment. Though you share the server with neighbors, you aren’t dependent on them and can make your own customizations and also organize your workstation on your own.

Dedicated Server

When you rent the complete office building, it is similar to hosting your website on a dedicated server. Being an expensive option, it is best for websites that need reliability and high performance. The complete space will be controlled by you; you will have more control over the configurations and plenty of space.

WordPress Hosting

WordPress hosting is a form of shared hosting, created for WordPress site owners. Your server is mainly configured for WordPress and you will get the website with pre-installed plugins for vital tasks such as securing and caching.

Due to the highly optimized configuration, your site will load in the fastest way and with fewer issues. WordPress hosting plans frequently come with additional WordPress-related features such as drag-and-drop page builders, pre-designed WordPress themes, and specific developer tools.

Thus, WordPress hosting is best for beginner-friendly people and offers the best performance for WordPress websites.

Cloud Hosting

Currently, cloud hosting is the most reliable solution on the market. Cloud hosting comprises a cluster of servers. Your files as well as resources are replicated on each server.

When one of the cloud servers is busy or faces any issue, your traffic will get automatically routed to another server within the cluster. Therefore, your website doesn’t face any downtime which is best if you won a very busy website.

Cloud hosting is the best for those who want a more scalable platform as compared to other web hosting options.

Web Hosting and a Domain Name – What’s the Difference?

Apart from signing up for a web hosting service, you also need to buy a domain name. Web hosting enables you to rent the server space for your site while the domain name acts as your website’s address.

If your users want to browse your website, they will type the domain name in the address bar of their browser and your server will transfer the content they requested for.

Many web hosts offer a free domain name with their web hosting plans today. MilesWeb is one of them. If you already own a domain name, you can also transfer it to your selected web hosting provider. You need to pay for the domain name annually same as your web hosting plans for keeping the ownership of the domain.

Bottom Line

Thus, web hosting allows your website to be accessible to your visitors online. It is important to have a website today as it helps to reach a wider audience globally.

Planning to buy a web hosting plan? Check MilesWeb’s web hosting plans starting at just Rs.40/mo.